Precast Panel Installation- Automation in Construction Using Precast Panel


The precast panel installation consists of making separate components of the construction building and fixing it together at one region. Making such precast panels enables easy construction of buildings as usually walls and beams remain the same. Drainage, water and sewage pipes and cemetery walls make use of such units.

The types of moulds used for precast panels include timber, steel, plastic, rubber or fiberglass.

Precast panel installation has some advantages as in they are efficient, durable, readymade thereby making it easy to use, economical, can be sustained over a  long period of time, and can be used to construct any structure.

Construction Industry:

The construction industry is rapidly growing in countries like Australia. Since there is a demand to construct within a very short duration, precast panel installation is preferred. The panels are immune to natural disasters and other hazardous materials. They are lifted and transported and placed together just like building blocks.

Factors to Be Considered: The various factors to be considered include a safe design, easy to handle, store and transport, smooth erection, and a trouble-free demolition if a situation arises. The precast panel installation should meet quality and safety standards specified by the governing bodies.

The architects have to look into the structure and erection-related aspects. Other factors to be considered that are related to the structure include the concrete made should be erected easily, it should not collapse, it should be stable and not very slender, should have strength and lifting should be possible, among others. The precast panel installation should also ensure the safety of the personnel involved in using them for construction and should not pose any health hazards as usage of some chemicals may affect the workers.

The personnel involved in the work should be well trained and must have relevant experience in construction using pre-cast panels.

Artifacts required:

The artifacts required to make a plan of precast panel installation include design documents, drawings of the structure, plans of erection, mechanisms to be used to ensure stabilization, number and type of cranes needed for the task, permission from authorities to carry out the construction work, inspection report and so on.

The complete sequence of transportation and erection should also be documented well.


Staff Involved:

The staff involved in the activity include contractors, subcontractors, designers, architects, engineers, workers, and apprentices.

Hazard Management: The hazard management for precast panel installation is required to be done at various stages of designing, fabricating, lifting, erecting, adjusting it in the final building, removing braces, demolishing it, or modifying it.

Other factors that need to be taken care of are weather conditions, making sure that parallel activities at multiple places are not done, no power lines above the structure, favorable ground conditions to hold the panels.  Manual intervention will be reduced drastically.

Precautions to Be Taken by The Crane Operator: A number of precautions are required to be taken by the crane operator while the precast panel installation process is going on. They include operator presence inside the crane, no one touching the crane, no one coming close to the crane, ensuring safe distribution of electricity. The operator should be trained to jump out of the crane in case of unexpected fire or any other problem and people should be present to indicate the presence of the crane.

End Results: In the end, after analyzing the precast installation process and procedure in detail one can conclude it is highly favorable and advisable for speedy construction work but needs to be planned well. Risk management has to be ensured and mitigation plans are made if they do occur. Skilled and experienced personnel can execute the project well and within stipulated time. The precast panels are like making the blocks proactively so that they can be utilized to raise structures which otherwise would take a lot of time and effort.

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